Archives for the month of: Kwiecień, 2013

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… We want to eliminate the distress of the unknown. We want, in other words, to achieve “cognitive closure.” This term was coined by the social psychologist Arie Kruglanski, who eventually defined it as “individuals’ desire for a firm answer to a question and an aversion toward ambiguity,” a drive for certainty in the face of a less than certain world. When faced with heightened ambiguity and a lack of clear-cut answers, we need to know—and as quickly as possible. …

Why We Need Answers: The Theory of Cognitive closure

Reklamy

aminotes:

Science and a New Kind of Prediction: An Interview with Stephen Wolfram

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“I think Computation is destined to be the defining idea of our future.”

Stephen Wolfram in Computing a Theory of Everything

“Better living through data? When a pioneer of data collection and organization…

Lapidarium notes: Science and a New Kind of Prediction: An Interview with Stephen…

Iluzja i rzeczywistość w Barnes and Noble

Bibliografia (częściowa)

From Atoms To Bits, Physics Shows Entropy As The Root Of Intelligence http://news360.com/article/180568625

“… Alexander Wissner-Gross, a scientist, inventor, and entrepreneur associated with both the Harvard University Institute for Applied Computational Science and the MIT Media Lab, has proposed a theory of “Casual Entropic Forces,” that seeks to formalize the “deep connection between intelligence and entropy maximization. …”

“… Based on the assumption that we are living in a simulation, philosophers have hypothesised about the nature of their creators. A conclusion reached by Peter S. Jenkins at York University argues that there would be multiple reasons to create a simulation; In order to avoid the simulation creating another simulation, the first would be deleted. As it is predicted that we’d have the technology to create simulations in the year 2050, long-term planning after that “would be futile”.[26] This, in turn, raises questions as to why the creators of the simulation would delete the simulation. More importantly, if our universe were one of many being simulated, the simulation argument could therefore be statistically applied to the creators saying they are in a simulation. …”

Simulation hypothesis – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

“… The so-called “paradox of emotional response to fiction” is an argument for the conclusion that our emotional response to fiction is irrational. The argument contains an inconsistent triad of premises, all of which seem initially plausible. These premises are (1) that in order for us to be moved (to tears, to anger, to horror) by what we come to learn about various people and situations, we must believe that the people and situations in question really exist or existed; (2) that such “existence beliefs” are lacking when we knowingly engage with fictional texts; and (3) that fictional characters and situations do in fact seem capable of moving us at times. …”

Paradox of Fiction, The [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]

Crime and Punishment. Theory of Raskolnikov by MariLynWells

Kurzweil’s overheated triumphalism aside (he seems determined to prove that careful thought is not necessary to be human by displaying a tremendous lack of care himself), this is not a question that we need to resolve to say something about what current progress in artificial intelligence is doing to the idea of truth. Even if Nagel and Newman are right and human intellect cannot be fully formalized, computer scientists have come a long way since John McCarthy first enunciated the aim of formalizing common sense.

Can We Teach Computers What “Truth” Means? — www.slate.com — Readability

Until the advent of the digital age, the book was once the epitome of the serious researcher’s collected findings. It was not uncommon back in the day for really, really good books to sometimes take years to write, while collaborations with other researchers as I outlined above could take close to a decade of combined reports and observations.

Mysterious Universe — mysteriousuniverse.org — Readability

We are in the epoch of networks. The world is now rapidly being perceived as a vast space of interlocking networks of seemingly infinite variety: biological, productive, cy- bernetic, and – most important of all – social.

Collective Individuation: The Future of The Social Web. — www.siuding.com — Readability

Pity Poor Flesh

Are our bodies just meat?

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Breaking news and updates from Time.com. News pictures, video, Twitter trends.

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Books, reviews and all things worth reading

The Librarian Who Doesn't Say Shhh!

Opening books to open minds.

Blogging for a Good Book

A suggestion a day from the Williamsburg Regional Library

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Consumer Behaviour, Social Media Trends & Business Intelligence in Social Media.

203klender - Dustan Shepherd

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Geek Theory

Michael R. Underwood -- Speculative Fictionero

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